Figure shows a ball having a charge q fixed at a point $\mathrm{A}$. Two identical balls having charges +q and –q and mass ‘m’ each are attached to the ends of a light rod of length $2\mathrm{a}$. The rod is free to rotate about a fixed axis perpendicular to the plane of the paper and passing through the mid-point of the rod. The system is released from the situation shown in figure. Find the angular velocity of the rod when the rod becomes horizontal.

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Concept Videos :-

#1 | Defining Electric Potential Energy
#10 | Electric Potential Energy

Concept Questions :-

Electric potential energy

3. Initial potential energy of the system = 0    ..…(i)

The rod will rotate in clockwise sense.

When rod becomes horizontal

......(ii)

loss in P.E. = $\frac{2{\mathrm{Kq}}^{2}}{3\mathrm{a}}$ = gain in K.E.

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