Two Carnot engines A and B are operated in succession. The first one, A receives heat from a source at T1 = 800 K and rejects to sink at T2 K. The second engine B receives heat rejected by the first engine and rejects to another sink at T3 = 300 K. If the work outputs of two engines are equal, then the value of T2 is -

(1) 100K

(2) 300K

(3) 550K

(4) 700K

Concept Questions :-

Heat engine and refrigerator
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When an ideal monoatomic gas is heated at constant pressure, fraction of heat energy supplied which increases the internal energy of gas, is 

(1) 25

(2) 35

(3) 37

(4) 34

Concept Questions :-

Molar Specific heat
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When an ideal gas (γ = 5/3) is heated under constant pressure, then what percentage of given heat energy will be utilised in doing external work ?

(1) 40 %

(2) 30 %

(3) 60 %

(4) 20 %

Concept Questions :-

Molar Specific heat
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Which one of the following gases possesses the largest internal energy?

(1) 2 moles of helium occupying 1m3 at 300 K

(2) 56 kg of nitrogen at  105 Nm–2 and 300 K

(3) 8 grams of oxygen at 8 atm and 300 K

(4) 6 × 1026 molecules of argon occupying 40 m3 at 900 K

Concept Questions :-

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Two samples A and B of a gas initially at the same pressure and temperature are compressed from volume V to V/2 (A isothermally and B adiabatically). The final pressure of A is 

(1) Greater than the final pressure of B

(2) Equal to the final pressure of B

(3) Less than the final pressure of B

(4) Twice the final pressure of B

Concept Questions :-

Types of processes
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Initial pressure and volume of a gas are P and V respectively. First it is expanded isothermally to volume 4V and then compressed adiabatically to volume V. The final pressure of gas will be [Given : γ=1.5 ]-

(1) 1P

(2) 2P

(3) 4P

(4) 8P

Concept Questions :-

Types of processes
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A thermally insulated rigid container contains an ideal gas heated by a filament of resistance 100 Ω through a current of 1A for 5 min . Then change in internal energy is -

(1) 0 kJ

(2) 10 kJ

(3) 20 kJ

(4) 30 kJ

Concept Questions :-

First law of thermodynamics
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A reversible engine converts one-sixth of the heat input into work. When the temperature of the sink is reduced by 62°C, the efficiency of the engine is doubled. The temperatures of the source and sink are -

(1) 80°C, 37°C

(2) 95°C, 28°C

(3) 90°C, 37°C

(4) 99°C, 37°C

Concept Questions :-

Heat engine and refrigerator
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An ideal gas expands in such a manner that its pressure and volume can be related by equation PV5/3 = constant. During this process, the gas is 

(1) Heated

(2) Cooled

(3) Neither heated nor cooled

(4) First heated and then cooled

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P-V diagram of a diatomic gas is a straight line passing through origin. The molar heat capacity of the gas in the process will be -

(1) 4 R

(2) 2.5 R

(3) 3 R

(4) 4R3

Concept Questions :-

Molar Specific heat
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