A stretched string of length l, fixed at both ends can sustain stationary waves of wavelength λ, given by 

(1) λ=n22l

(2) λ=l22n

(3) λ=2ln

(4) λ=2ln

Concept Questions :-

Standing waves
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A string on a musical instrument is 50 cm long and its fundamental frequency is 270 Hz. If the desired frequency of 1000 Hz is to be produced, the required length of the string is :

(1) 13.5 cm

(2) 2.7 cm

(3) 5.4 cm

(4) 10.3 cm

Concept Questions :-

Travelling wave on string
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The tension in a piano wire is 10N. What should be the tension in the wire to produce a note of double the frequency :

(1) 5 N

(2) 20 N

(3) 40 N

(4) 80 N

Concept Questions :-

Travelling wave on string
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A string of 7 m length has a mass of 0.035 kg. If the tension in the string is 60.5 N, then the speed of a wave on the string is :

(1) 77 m/s

(2) 102 m/s

(3) 110 m/s

(4) 165 m/s

Concept Questions :-

Travelling wave on string
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A second harmonic has to be generated in a string of length l stretched between two rigid supports. The point where the string has to be plucked and touched are :

(1) Plucked at l4 and touch at l2

(2) Plucked at l4 and touch at 3l4

(3) Plucked at l2 and touched at l4

(4) Plucked at l2 and touched at 3l4

Concept Questions :-

Standing waves
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The tension of a stretched string is increased by 69%. In order to keep its frequency of vibration constant, its length must be increased by :

(1) 20%

(2) 30%

(3) 69%

(4) 69%

Concept Questions :-

Travelling wave on string
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The length of a sonometer wire tuned to a frequency of 250 Hz is 0.60 metre. The frequency of tuning fork with which the vibrating wire will be in tune when the length is made 0.40 metre is :

(1) 250 Hz

(2) 375 Hz

(3) 256 Hz

(4) 384 Hz

Concept Questions :-

Standing waves
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Two uniform strings A and B made of steel are made to vibrate under the same tension. If the first overtone of A is equal to the second overtone of B and if the radius of A is twice that of B, the ratio of the lengths of the strings is -

(1) 1: 2

(2) 1 : 3

(3) 1 : 4

(4) 1 : 6

Concept Questions :-

Standing waves
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Two wires are fixed in a sonometer. Their tensions are in the ratio 8 : 1. The lengths are in the ratio 36 : 35. The diameters are in the ratio 4 : 1. Densities of the materials are in the ratio 1 : 2. If the lower frequency in the setting is 360 Hz. the beat frequency when the two wires are sounded together is :

(1) 5

(2) 8

(3) 6

(4) 10

Concept Questions :-

Travelling wave on string
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The first overtone of a stretched wire of given length is 320 Hz. The first harmonic is : 

(1) 320 Hz

(2) 160 Hz

(3) 480 Hz

(4) 640 Hz

Concept Questions :-

Standing waves
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