Two waves are represented by the equations

and

, where x is in metre

and t in second. The phase difference between

them is

Concept Questions :-

Wave motion
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Sound waves travel at 350 m/s through a warm

air and at 3500 m/s through brass. The wavelength

of a 700 Hz acoustic wave as it enters brass from

warm air :

(a) increases by factor 20

(b) increases by factor 10

(c) decreases by factor 20

(d) decreases by factor 10

Concept Questions :-

Wave motion
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Two identical piano wires kept under the same tension T have a fundamental frequency of 600 Hz. The fractional increase in the tension of one of the wires which will lead to the occurrence of 6 beats/s when both the wires oscillate together would be :

(a) 0.02                                            (b) 0.03

(c) 0.04                                             (d) 0.01

Concept Questions :-

Beats
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Two particles are oscillating along two close parallel straight lines side by side, with the same frequency and amplitudes. They pass each other, moving in opposite directions when their displacement is half of the amplitude. The mean positions of the two particles lie on a straight line perpendicular to the paths of the two particles. The phase difference is :

(a)zero                                  (b)$\frac{2\mathrm{\pi }}{3}$

(c)$\mathrm{\pi }$                                      (d)$\frac{\mathrm{\pi }}{6}$

Concept Questions :-

Wave motion
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A transverse wave is represented by y= For what value of the wavelength is the wave velocity equal to the maximum particle velocity?

(a)                                            (b)

(c)                                             (d) A

Concept Questions :-

Types of waves
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A tuning fork of frequency 512 Hz makes 4 beats/s with the vibrating string of a piano. The beat frequency decreases to 2 beats/s when the tension in the piano string is slightly increased. The frequency of the piano string before increasing the tension was

(a) 510 Hz                        (b) 514 Hz

(c) 516 Hz                        (d) 508 Hz

Concept Questions :-

Beats
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A wave in a string has an amplitude of 2 cm. The wave travels in the +ve direction of x-axis with a speed of  and it is noted that 5 complete waves fit in 4 m length of the string. The equation describing the wave is :

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Concept Questions :-

Wave motion
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The driver of a car travelling with speed 30 $m{s}^{-1}$ towards a hill sound a horn of frequency 600 Hz. If the velocity of sound in air is  the frequency of reflected sound as heard by driver is

(a) 550 Hz                             (b) 555.5 Hz

(c) 720 Hz                             (d) 500 Hz

Concept Questions :-

Doppler effect
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Each of the two strings of length 51.6 cm and 49.1 cm are tensioned separately by 20N force. Mass per unit length of both the strings is same and equal to 1 $g{m}^{-1}.$When both the strings vibrate simultaneously the number of beats is :

(a) 5                                                    (b) 7

(c) 8                                                    (d) 3

Concept Questions :-

Standing waves
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Two periodic waves of intensities  pass through a region at the same time in the same direction. The sum of the maximum and  minimum intensities is :

(a) ${I}_{1}+{I}_{2}$

(b) ${\left(\sqrt{{I}_{1}}+\sqrt{{I}_{2}}\right)}^{2}$

(c)${\left(\sqrt{{I}_{1}}-\sqrt{{I}_{2}}\right)}^{2}$

(d)

Concept Questions :-

Wave motion
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