Which of the following is false?

  1. Endosperm formation starts prior to first division of zygote
  2. Angiospermic endosperm is mostly 3N while gymnospermic one is N.
  3. The most common type of endosperm is nuclear.
  4. Coconut has both liquid nuclear (multinucleate) and cellular endosperm.
  5. Milky water of green tender coconut is liquid female gametophyte.

(a) I and II only    (b) III only            (c) V only              (d) II only

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Diagram given below shows stages in embryogenesis in a typical dicot (Capsella). Identify structures A to D respectively:



(a) Suspensor, Radicle, Plumule, Cotyledons
(b) Hypophysis, Radicle, Plumule, Cotyledons
(c) Suspensor, Plumule, Radicle, Cotyledons
(d) Suspensor, Radicule, Plumule, Hypocotyls

Concept Questions :-

Pistil: Ovule
Pistil: Female Gametophyte
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Go through the given diagram of a typical dicot embryo. In which of the following all the 3 parts labelled as A, B, C with their respective functions are correctly identified?

 

A

B

C

(a)

Plumule, shoot system formation

Radicle, root system formation

Hypophysis, formation of radicle

(b)

Plumule, shoot system formation

Radicle, root system formation

Cotyledon, food storage

(c)

Radicle, root system formation

Plumule, shoot system formation

Cotyledon, food storage

(d)

Radicle, root system formation

Plumule, shoot system formation

Endsperm, food storage

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I. No endosperm
II. Endosperm present
III. Cotyledons - thin
IV. Cotyledons – thick
VI. Food is stored in cotyledons
VI. Food is stored in endosperms
Sort out correct points (from I to VI) for (A) - Albuminous and (B) - Exalbuminous seeds:
          A                B                       A                  B
(a) II, III, VI    I, IV, V           (b) I, IV, V         II, III, VI
(c) I, III, V      II, IV, VI         (d) II, IV, VI       I, III, V

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Aleurone layer takes part in:

(a) Protection of delicate embryo        (b) Enzyme synthesis

(c) Transfer of food to cotyledons       (d) Is also called scutellum

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Which are the external conditions required for seed germination:
(a) Oxygen, carbon dioxide and suitable temperature
(b) Oxygen, light and suitable temperature
(c) Light, moisture and suitable temperature
(d) Oxygen, moisture and suitable temperature

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Which of the following is not correct?
(a) As the seed matures, its water content is reduced and seeds become relatively dry(10-15% moisture by mass)
(b) The seed dormancy is the internal or innate inhibition of generation of normal or viable seeds
(c) Embryo in dormant seed shows higher rate of general metabolic rate
(d) Because of dormancy seeds remain viable for longer period and can be stored

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Which of the following will lose its economic value if fruits are produced through parthenocarpy:

(a) Citrus              (b) Banana            (c) Grape              (d) Pomegranate

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Apomixis & Polyembryony
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Which of the following statements is false?
(a) Some 2000 years old viable seeds of Pheonix dactylifera were discovered during archaeological excavation of King Herod's palace near Dead Sea
(b) Record of 10,000 years of dormancy of seeds has been estimated in Lupinus arcticus
(c) The number of seeds in each fruit in case of orchid and some parasitic forms like Orobanche and Striga is one
(d) Many fruits have evolved mechanisms for dispersal of seeds

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Apomixis & Polyembryony
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Hybrid seeds have to be produced every year because:
(a) Hybrid plants become sterile in coming years
(b) They show more heterosis in coming years
(c) Hybrid vigour is not maintained beyond one generation as segregation of genes begins in the second generation
(d) Hybrid seed industry tends to increase cost of the seeds

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