Conservation hotspots are best described as:
(a) Areas with large numbers of endemic species that are disappearing rapidly
(b) Areas where people are particularly active supporters of biological diversity
(c) Islands that are experiencing high rates of extinction
(d) Areas where native species are being replaced with introduced species
‘Biodiversity hotspots’ are the regions with very high levels of species richness and high degree of endemism that is, species confined to that region and not found anywhere else.