If in the circuit shown below, the internal resistance of the battery is 1.5 Ω and VP and VQ are the potentials at P and Q respectively, what is the potential difference between the points P and Q 

(1) Zero

(2) 4 volts (VP > VQ)

(3) 4 volts (VQ > VP)

(4) 2.5 volts (VQ > VP)

Concept Questions :-

Kirchoff's voltage law
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Two wires of resistance R1 and R2 have temperature coefficient of resistance α1 and α2, respectively. These are joined in series. The effective temperature coefficient of resistance is :

(1) α1+α22

(2) α1α2

(3) α1R1+α2R2R1+R2

(4) R1R2α1α2R12+R22

Concept Questions :-

Combination of resistors
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Two cells of equal e.m.f. and of internal resistances, r1, and r2(r1>r2) are connected in series. On connecting this combination to an external resistance R, it is observed that the potential difference across the first cell becomes zero. The value of R will be :

(1) r1+r2

(2) r1r2

(3) r1+r22

(4) r1r22

Concept Questions :-

Grouping of cells
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When connected across the terminals of a cell, a voltmeter measures 5V and a connected ammeter measures 10 A of current. A resistance of 2 ohms is connected across the terminals of the cell. The current flowing through this resistance will be :

(1) 2.5 A

(2) 2.0 A

(3) 5.0 A

(4) 7.5 A

Concept Questions :-

Kirchoff's voltage law
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In the circuit shown here, E1 = E2 = E3 = 2 V and R1 = R2 = 4 ohms. The current flowing between points A and B through battery E2 is 

(1) Zero

(2) 2 amp from A to B

(3) 2 amp from B to A

(4) None of the above

Concept Questions :-

Grouping of cells
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In the circuit shown below E1 = 4.0 V, R1= 2 Ω, E2 = 6.0 V, R2 = 4 Ω and R3 = 2 Ω. The current I1 is :

(1) 1.6 A

(2) 1.8 A

(3) 1.25 A

(4) 1.0 A

Concept Questions :-

Grouping of cells
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The potential difference across 8 ohms resistance is 48 volts as shown in the figure. The value of potential difference across X and Y points will be :

(1) 160 volt

(2) 128 volt

(3) 80 volt

(4) 62 volt

Concept Questions :-

Combination of resistors
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Two resistances R1 and R2 are made of different materials. The temperature coefficient of the material of R1 is α and of the material of R2 is –β. The resistance of the series combination of R1 and R2 will not change with temperature, if R1/ R2 equals :

(1) αβ

(2) α+βαβ

(3) α2+β2αβ

(4) βα

Concept Questions :-

Derivation of Ohm's law
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An ionization chamber with parallel conducting plates as anode and cathode has 5×107 electrons and the same number of singly-charged positive ions per cm3. The electrons are moving at 0.4 m/s. The current density from anode to cathode is 4μA/m2. The velocity of positive ions moving towards cathode is :

(1) 0.4 m/s

(2) 16 m/s

(3) Zero

(4) 0.1 m/s

Concept Questions :-

Current and current density
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A wire of resistance 10 Ω is bent to form a circle. P and Q are points on the circumference of the circle dividing it into a quadrant and are connected to a Battery of 3 V and internal resistance 1 Ω as shown in the figure. The currents in the two parts of the circle are 

(1) 623A  and  1823A

(2) 526A  and 1526A

(3) 425A  and  1225A

(4) 325A  and  925A

Concept Questions :-

Kirchoff's voltage law
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Difficulty Level: