NEET Botany Biodiversity and Conservation Questions Solved

AIIMS - 2009

Which of the following rain forest is home to more than 40,000 species of plants, 3,000 of fishes, 1,300 of birds, 427 of mammals, 427 of amphibians, 378 of reptiles and more than 1,25,000 invertebrates?

(a) Amazonian

(b) Tropical

(c) Arctic tundra

(d) Temperate

(a) The Amazon rainforest is a moist brodleaf forest that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America. This region includes territory belonging to nine nations. The majority of the forest is contained within Brazil, with 60% of the rainforest, followed by Peru with 13% and with minor amounts in Columbia. Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Surinam, and French Guiana. States or departments in four nations bear the name Amazonas after it. The Amazon represents over half of the planet's remaining rainforests, and comprises the largest and most species rich tract of tropical rainforest in the world.

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