NEET Botany Mineral Nutrition Questions Solved

AIIMS - 2012

Leghaemoglobin is produced in response to

(a) respiration 

(b) photosynthesis

(c) fatty acid synthesis

(d) N2 fixation.

(d) : Bacteria like Rhizobium and Frankia live free as aerobes in the soil but are unable to fix nitrogen. They develop the ability to fix nitrogen only as a symbiont when they become anaerobic. They are unable to fix nitrogen by themselves. Roots of a legume secrete chemical attractants. Bacteria collect over the root hairs and form an infection thread enclosing the bacteria. Infection thread grows alongwith multiplication of bacteria. Bacteria stop dividing and form irregular polyhedral structures called bacteroids. In an infected cell bacteriods occur in groups surrounded by host membrane. The host cell develops a pinkish pigment called leghaemoglobin (Lb). It is oxygen scavenger and is related to blood pigment haemoglobin. It protects nitrogen fixing enzyme nitrogenase from oxygen.

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