In vitro clonal propogation in plants characterised by
(a) PCR and RAPD
(b) Northen blotting
(c) Electrophoresis and HPLC
(a) RAPD stand for Random amplified polymorphic DNA. It is a type of PCR reaction, but the segments of DNA that are amplified are random. Often, PCR is used to amplify a known DNA sequence.