Identify the statement that is true for C4 plants but not for C3 plants?

1. Initially fix carbon dioxide in mesophyll cells as 4-carbon long compounds.

2. Initially fix carbon dioxide in bundle sheath cells as 3-carbon long compounds.

3. Initially fix carbon dioxide in mesophyll cells as 3-carbon long compounds.

4. Initially fix carbon dioxide in bundle sheath cells as 4-carbon long compounds.

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Crops such as tomatoes and bell pepper, allowed to grow in a carbon dioxide rich environment, show higher yields because:

(1) They show an increased rate of photosynthesis at higher carbon dioxide concentrations

(2) They can respond to high carbon dioxide conditions even in low light conditions.

(3) They show C4 pathway for cabon fixation at high carbon dioxide is the limiting factor in such plants. 

(4) Only carbon dioxide is the limiting factor in such plants

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At about what percentage of the full sunlight does light saturation occurs in photosynthesis?

(1) 10

(2) 25

(3) 70

(4) 95

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Suppose the interoir of the thylakoids of isolated chloroplasts and then transferred in the dark to a pH 8 solution. What would be likely to happen?

(1) The isolated chloroplasts will make ATP

(2) The Clavin cycle will be activated.

(3) The cyclic photophosphorylation will occur

(4) Isolated chloroplasts will generate oxygen gas

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Consider the following two statements:

I. Except for plants in shade or in dense forests, light is rarely a limiting factor in nature for photosynthesis.

II. Light saturation occurs at 50% of the full sunlight.

1. Both statements are correct and II explains I

2. Both statements are incorrect

3. I is correct and II is incorrect

4. I is incorrect and II is correct

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For assimilation of one CO2 molecule via photosynthesis, the energy required in form of ATP and NADPH2 are:

(1) 2 ATP and 2 NADPH2 

(2) 5 ATP and 3 NADPH2 

(3) 3 ATP and 2 NADPH2 

(4) 18 ATP and 12 NADPH2. 

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Phosphoenol pyruvate (PEP) is the primary CO2 acceptor in

(1) C3 -plants 

(2) C4 -plants

(3) C2 -plants

(4) C3 and C4 -plants

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With reference to factors affecting the rate of photosynthesis, which of the following statements is not correct?

(1) Light saturation for CO2 -fixation occurs at 10% of full sunlight.

(2) Increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration upto 0.05% can enhance CO2 -fixation rate

(3) C3 -plants respond to higher temperature with enhanced photosynthesis, while C4 -plants have much lower temperature optimum.

(4) Tomato is greenhouse crop, which can be grown in CO2 -enriched amosphere for higher yield. 

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The process which makes major difference between C3 and C4 Plants is

(1) lycosis

(2) Clavin cycle

(3) photorespiration

(4) respiration

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Water vapour comes out from the plant leaf through the stomatal opening. Through the same stomatal opening carbon dioxide diffuses into the plant during photosynthesis. Reason out the above statements using the following options. 

1. Both process can happen together because the diffusion coefficient of water and CO2 is different. 

2. The above processes happen only during night time

3. One process occurs during the day time and the other night

4. Both processes cannot happen simultaneously

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