NEET Zoology Digestion and Absorption Questions Solved


When breast feeding is replaced by less nutritive food low in proteins and calories; the infants below the age of one year are likely to suffer from 

(a) marasmus

(b) rickets

(c) kwashiorkor

(d) pellagra

Audio Explanation:


(a) Prolonged starvation causes marasmus disease due to a generalised wasting of body because of both energy and protein deficiency. The body becomes lean and weak, eyes depressed and skin
wrinkled.

Kwashiorkor is a disease caused by continued deficiency of proteins in diet although energy intake
may be adequate.

Rickets (in children) occurs due to the deficiency of vitamin-D.

Pellagra occurs due to the deficiency of nicotinamide (vitamin-B5)

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