Which of the following options correctly represents the lung conditions in asthma and emphysema, respectively?
1. Inflammation of bronchioles; decreased respiratory surface
2. Increased number of bronchioles; increased respiratory surface
3. Increased respiratory surface; inflammation of bronchioles
4. Decreased respiratory surface; inflammation of bronchioles

Subtopic:  Respiratory Disorders: Part 1 | Respiratory Disorders: Part 2 |
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Match the items given Column I with those in Column II and select the correct option given below: 
Column I                                   Column II 
a. Tidal volume                          i. 2500-3000 mL 
b. Inspiratory Reserve                ii. 1100-1200 mL volume 
c. Expiratory Reserve                 iii. 500-550 mL volume 
d. Residual volume                    iv. 1000-1100 mL
1. a-iii b-ii c-i d-iv
2. a-iii b-i c-iv d-ii
3. a-i b-iv c-ii d-iii
4. a-iv b-iii c-ii d-i
 
Subtopic:  Respiratory System: Pulmonary Volumes & Capacities |
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Which of the following is an occupational respiratory disorder?
1. Anthracis
2. Silicosis
3. Botulism
4. Emphysema
Subtopic:  Respiratory Disorders - III |
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Lungs are made up of air-filled sacs, the alveoli. They do not collapse even after forceful expiration, because of

1. Residual Volume (RV)

2. Inspiratory Reserve Volume (IRV)

3. Tidal Volume (TV)

4. Expiratory Reserve Volume (ERV)

Subtopic:  Respiratory System: Pulmonary Volumes & Capacities |
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The partial pressure of oxygen in the alveoli of the lungs is  

(1) equal to that in the blood

(2) more than that in the blood

(3) less than that in the blood

(4) less than that of carbon dioxide

Subtopic:  Respiratory System: Exchange of Gases |
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Lungs do not collapse between breaths and some air always remains in the lungs which can never be expelled because

(1) there is a negative pressure in the lungs

(2) there is a negative intrapleural pressure pulling at the lung walls

(3) there is a positive intrapleural pressure

(4) pressure in the lungs in higher than the atmospheric pressure

Subtopic:  Respiratory System: Pulmonary Ventilation |
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Reduction in pH of blood will

(1) reduce the blood supply to the brain

(2) decrease the affinity of hemoglobin with oxygen

(3) release bicarbonate ions by the liver

(4) reduce the rate of heart beat

Subtopic:  Respiratory System: Transport of Gases Part 1 | Respiratory System: Transport of Gases Part 2 | Respiratory System: Transport of Gases |
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Name the chronic respiratory disorder caused mainly by cigarette smoking

1. asthma

2. respiratofy acidosis

3. respiratory alkalosis

4. emphysema

Subtopic:  Respiratory Disorders: Part 2 |
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The partial pressure of oxygen in the alveoli of the lungs is

1.  equal to that in the blood

2.  more than that in the blood

3.  less than that in the blood

4.  less than that of carbon dioxide

Subtopic:  Respiratory System: Exchange of Gases |
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Lungs do not collapse between breaths and some air always remains in the lungs which can never be expelled because

1.  there is a negative pressure in the lungs

2.  there is a negative intrapleural pressure pulling at the lung walls

3.  there is a positive intrapleural pressure

4.  pressure in the lungs is higher than the atmospheric pressure

Subtopic:  Respiratory System: Trachea & Basic Anatomy of Lung |
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