NEET Botany Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production Questions Solved

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Plant breeding technique has helped sugar industry in North India. Explain how.                          (3)

Sugarcane Saccharum barberi  was grown in North India, but had poor sugar content and yield. Saccharum officinarum was grown in South India, had thicker stems and higher sugar content but did not grow well in North India. These two species were crossed to get a new variety with desirable qualities of high yield, thick stems, high sugar content and ability to grow in the sugarcane areas of North India.                                                                                                                         (3)

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