Identify A, B, C and D structures shown in above diagram of female gametophyte:

 

A

B

C

D

(a)

Synergid

Polar nuclei

Central cell

Antipodal cells

(b)

Antipodal cells

Polar nuclei

Central cell

Synergids

(c)

Antipodal cells

Polar nuclei

Megaspore mother cell

Synergids

(d)

Filiform apparatus

Polar nuclei

Central cell

Antipodal cell

Subtopic:  Pistil: Ovule |
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Geitonogamy is:
(1) Functionally cross pollination involving a pollinating agent

(2) Genetically it is similar to autogamy since the pollen grains come from the same plant

(3) Functionally and genetically autogamy

(4) Both (a) and (b) are correct

Subtopic:  Pollination & Outbreeding Devices |
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Go through the following statements:

Flowers are bisexual and homogamous maturing anther and stigma of a flower at the same time.

Mechanical devices bringing anthers and stigma close together in a bisexual chasmogamous flower.

Cleistogamy (bisexual flowers remain closed)

Anther and stigma of an intersexual flower mature in bud condition.

The above contrivances favour:

(1) Allogamy                  

(2) Autogamy       

(3) Xenogamy      

(4) Cross pollination

Subtopic:  Pollination & Outbreeding Devices |
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Go through the following statements:

a. Flowers are small. They are often packed in inflorescence

b. Flowers are colourless, nectarless and odourless

c. Well exposed stamens

d. Pollen grains - produced in large number, light, non-sticky

e. Flowers often have a single ovule in each ovary

f. Stigma - large, often feathery.

The above contrivances favour:

(1) Self pollination                             

(2) Anemophily

(3) Ornithophily                                 

(4) Entemophily

Subtopic:  Pollination & Outbreeding Devices |
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Find out the correct option:
(1) Among animals, insects, particularly bees are the dominant biotic pollinating agents

(2) Often flowers of animal- pollinated plants are specially adapted for particular species of animals

(3) In some species floral rewards like edible nectar, pollen grains, shelter for egg laying are given to pollinating animals

(4) All the above are correct

Subtopic:  Pollination & Outbreeding Devices |
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a. Flowers are usually large, colourful, fragrant

b. Pollen grains are produced in large number

c. Pollen grains are light in weight and non-sticky

d. Sticky pollen grains

e. Stigma inserted and sticky

f. Edible pollen grains and nectar.

Which of the above characters favour entomophily?

(1) II, IV, V           

(2) I, II, III, VI      

(3) III, IV, V          

(4) I, IV, V, VI

Subtopic:  Pollination & Outbreeding Devices |
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Self-incompatibility:

I. Is a device to prevent inbreeding

II. Provides a biochemical block to self-fertilization.

III. Ensures cross-fertilization.

IV. Is governed by pollen-pistil interaction

V. Is governed by series of multiple alleles.

VI. Prevents self pollen (from the same flower or other flowers of the same plant) from fertilizing the ovules inhibiting pollen germination or pollen tube growth in the pistil.

(1) All are correct                              

(2) All are wrong

(3) Only I, II, III are correct               

(4) IV and V are wrong

Subtopic:  Pollination & Outbreeding Devices |
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Which of the following options is correct?
(1) Pollination gives the guarantee of the promotion of post-pollination events that lead to fertilization

(2) The events – “from pollen deposition on stigma until pollen tubes enter the ovule" are together referred to as pollen-pistil interaction

(3) Pollen-pistil interaction is a dynamic process involving pollen recognition followed by only promotion (not rejection) of the pollen

(4) Pistil has no ability to recognize the pollen, whether right or wrong type

Subtopic:  Pollination & Outbreeding Devices | Post Pollination Events |
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In double fertilization total number of male nuclei and total number of female nuclei involved are:

(1) 3, 2 respectively                          

(2) 2, 3 respectively

(3) 2, 2 respectively                          

(4) 3, 3 respectively

Subtopic:  Double Fertilization |
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A homogamous tall pistillate plant (TT) is crossed with homogamous dwarf staminate plant (tt). What is the genotype of endosperm?

(1) TTT                 

(2) TTt                 

(3) Ttt                            

(4) ttt

Subtopic:  Endosperm |
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