A wire of length L and 3 identical cells of negligible internal resistances are connected in series. Due to current, the temperature of the wire is raised by ΔT in a time t. A number N of similar cells is now connected in series with a wire of the same material and cross–section but of length 2 L. The temperature of the wire is raised by the same amount ΔT in the same time t. the value of N is
(2) Let R and m be the resistance and mass of the first wire, then the second wire has resistance 2R and mass 2m. Let E = emf of each cell, S = specific heat capacity of the material of the wire. For the first wire, current and
For the second wire, and . Thus, or .