NEET Botany Biological Classification Questions Solved


The common characteristic showning by mushroom smut and rust

(1) is characterised by presence of basidiocarps

(2) is characterised by presence of ascocarps

(3) all are pathogen

(4) all are saprophytic in nature

Audio Explanation:


(1) Mushroom, smut and rust are fungi which belong to class Basidiomycetes of division-Basidiomycotina. Basidiomycetes is characterised with about sixteen thousand described species.

All these fungi of class-Basidiomycetes bear characteristic fruiting bodies called basidiocarps, which are most attractive and are often reffered as fungus flower. This class of fungi includes toadstools (toxic mushroom) puffballs, jelly fungi and shelf fungi and pathogen like smut and rust.

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