A fertilized embryo sac of an angiosperm contains:

I. Haploid cells

II. Diploid cells

III. Triploid cells

1. I and II only

2. I and II only

3. II and III only

4. I, II and III

Subtopic:  Pistil: Female Gametophyte |
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The embryo of a grass seed is enclosed by two protective sheaths, a(n) _________, which covers the young shoot, and a(n) __________, which covers the young root.

1. plumule; radical

2. hypocotyl; picotyls

3. coleoptile; coleorrhiza

4. scutellum; replum

Subtopic:  Embryo |
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The intine of the pollen grain is a:

1. Thick and discontinuous layer made of sporopollenin

2. Thick and continuous layer made of sporopollenin

3. Thin and discontinuous layer made of cellulose and pectin

4. Thin and continuous layer made of cellulose and pectin

Subtopic:  Stamen: Male Gametophyte |
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In the monosporic embryo sac of a flowering plant, the number of nuclei that get surrounded by cell walls and thus are organized into cells is:

1. 5

2. 6

3. 7

4. 8

 

Subtopic:  Pistil: Female Gametophyte |
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Female flowers remain submerged in water and the pollen grains are released inside the water in:

1. Sea grasses

2. Vallisneria

3. Water lily

4. Water hyacinth

Subtopic:  Pollination & Outbreeding Devices |
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Scientists are trying to transfer apomictic genes into hybrid varieties of several of our food and vegetable crops so that:

1. They get resistance against common pathogens

2. The yield of these plants can be increased many folds

3. Hybrid seeds need not be produced every year

4. Their germplasm is easily stored in labs for further research

Subtopic:  Apomixis & Polyembryony |
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Which of the following is the most common abiotic pollinating agent?

1. Insects

2. Birds and bats

3. Wind

4. Water

Subtopic:  Pollination & Outbreeding Devices |
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Seeds offer several advantages to angiosperms. Seed formation is more dependable because:

1. Seeds have better adaptive strategies for dispersal

2. Reproductive processes become independent of water

3. Hard seed coat provides protection to the young embryos

4. They generate new genetic combinations leading to variations

Subtopic:  Seed |
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The given diagram exemplifies the fruit in:

1. Fig

2. Pineapple

3. Mulberry

4. Raspberry

Subtopic:  Fruit |
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The asexual production of seeds is called as:
1. Adventition
2. Fragmentation
3. Self-fertilization
4. Apomixis

Subtopic:  Apomixis & Polyembryony |
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