Under which condition would you expect the mitochondrial proton gradient to be highest and therefore ATP synthesis to proceed?
1. pyruvate (present)-oxygen (present)-ATP levels (high)
2. pyruvate (present)-oxygen (present)-ATP levels (low)
3. pyruvate (present)-oxygen (absent)-ATP levels (high)
4. pyruvate (absent)-oxygen (present)-ATP levels (low)

Subtopic:  Oxidative Phosphorylation |
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Plants can get along without respiratory organs because of all the following except:
1. Each plant part takes care of its own gas exchange needs
2. Plants do not present great demands for gas exchange.
3. Gas diffusion in plants occurs easily over long distances in plants
4. Each living cell in a plant is located quite close to the surface of plant

Subtopic:  Introduction |
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Sucrose is converted into glucose and fructose by the enzyme:

1. Maltase
2. Zymase
3. Isomerase
4. Invertase

 

Subtopic:  Glycolysis |
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The co-factor required for the activity of pyruvate dehydrogenase is:
1. Zinc
2. Magnesium
3. Manganese
4. Copper

Subtopic:  Aerobic Respiration |
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In Kreb's cycle, a molecule of GTP is produced during the conversion of:
1. Citrate into Ketoglutarate
2. Succinyl-CoA into succinate
3. Succinate into malate
4. Malate into oxaloacetate

 

Subtopic:  Kreb's Cycle |
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In the mitochondrial electron transport system, the term Complex III refers to:
1. NADH dehydrogenase
2. Cytochrome c
3. FADH2
4. Cytochrome bc1 complex

Subtopic:  Oxidative Phosphorylation |
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For each ATP produced, how many H passes through F0 from the intermembrane space to the matrix down the electrochemical proton gradient?

1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4

Subtopic:  Oxidative Phosphorylation |
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What is the net gain of number of ATP molecules produced during aerobic respiration of one molecule of glucose?

1. 30
2. 36
3. 38
4. 40

Subtopic:  Oxidative Phosphorylation |
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If fatty acids were to be respired, they would first be degraded to:
1. Glucose-6 phosphate
2. Pyruvate
3. Acetyl-CoA
4. Alpha ketoglutarate

Subtopic:  Aerobic Respiration |
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In the absence of oxygen, the primary purpose of fermentation is to:
1. produce amino acids for protein synthesis
2. generate a proton gradient for ATP synthesis
3. oxidize glucose to generate reduce electron carriers
4. regenerate NAD+ from NADH allowing glycolysis to continue

Subtopic:  Fermentation |
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