According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), reproductive health means a total well-being in all aspects of reproduction, i.e., physical, emotional, behavioural and social. The headquarters of WHO are located in
India was amongst the first countries in the world to initiate action plans and programmes at national level to attain reproductive health. The programmes called as 'family planning' were initiated in ______ year in India.
According to 2001 census, the population growth rate was
World Population Day is
Among the following methods, which one has the highest failure rate?
1. Diaphragm with spermicide
3. Intrauterine device
4. Rhythm method
Which of the following is not a natural method of contraception?
1. Periodic abstinence
2. Withdrawl method
3. Lactational amenorrhoea
Which of the following is an incorrect statement for periodic abstinence?
1. The couple should abstain from coitus from day 10 to 17 of the menstrual cycle when ovulation could be expected
2. to day of the cycle is fertile period, when the chances of fertilisation are high
3. This prevents the chances of union of male and female gametes
4. In this method, the ovum and sperms are prevented from physically meeting with the help of barriers
Which of the following statement is/are correct about diaphragms, cervical caps and vaults?
A. Barrier methods of contraception B. Cover the cervix during coitus
C. Protect the user from contracting STDs D. They are reusable
1. A & B only
2. A, B & C
3. A, B & D
4. A, B, C & D
The diaphragm is a rubber dome shaped structure and stops the sperms from entering into
4. Both 1 & 2
Which of the following hormone/s is/are maintained at high level during hormonal method of birth control?
4. Both 1. & 2.
Which of the following is world's first non-hormonal oral contraceptive pill for females, developed by scientists at Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI) in Lucknow, India?
3. Morning after pills
Oral contraceptive pills contain
1. FSH and LH hormones
2. Progestogen and estrogen combination
Which one of the following is the most widely used method of contraception by females in India?
1. Oral contraceptive pills
Amongst the following methods of contraception, which can be regarded as the most cost effective and easily reversible method of contraception?
4. Sterilisation method
Which of the following is hormone releasing lUD?
3. Multiload 375
Implants under the skin and injectables contain
1. Progestogen alone
2. Progestogen and estrogen
3. FSH and LH
4. Both 1. & 2. are correct
MTPs are considered relatively safe up to ________ weeks of pregnancy
All the following are uses of amniocentesis, but one is misuse. Which one is misuse?
1. The centres for genetic counselling offer amniocentesis on request to women for chromosome analysis
2. This technique has been developed for detecting foetal abnormalities by analysing chromosomal defects
3. It is used to study metabolic defects of foetus like PKU (phenyl ketonuria)
4. It is done to examine the sex of the foetus leading to increasing female foeticides
Which of the following have been found to be very effective as emergency contraceptive as they could be used to avoid possible pregnancy due to rape if given within 72 hours?
A. Administration of progestogens
B. Progestogen-estrogen combination
C. IUDs inserted within 72 hours of coitus
1. A only
2. A & B only
3. B only
4. A, B & C
Which of the following STDs is not caused by a bacterium?
4. Genital Herpes
Which of the following STD and its causative agent is not correctly matched?
1. Genital warts : Haemophilus ducrei
2. Syphilis : Treponema pallidum
3. Genital herpes : Type ll Herpes simplex virus (HSV-2)
4. Trichomoniasis : Trichomonas vaginalis
AIDS day is
Which of the following is the most appropriate statement defining infertility?
1. Couple is unable to produce children inspite of unprotected sexual co-habitation even after two years
2. It is the inability to produce a viable offspring and is always due to defects abnormalities in the female partner
3. Infertility is due to immature sex organs
4. Infertility cannot be helped by ART
Surrogate mother is
1. Mother without lactation
2. Future mother with embryo implanted from another
3. Female carrying several embryos
4. Artificially inseminated female
All of the following statements about ZlFT are correct, but one is wrong. Which one is wrong?
1. It is zygote intra fallopian transfer
2. Zygote is transferred into the fallopian tube after lVF
3. Early embryos upto 8 blastomeres can also be transferred into the fallopian tubes
4. Embryos with more than 8 blastomeres are also transferred into the fallopian tubes
A population is said to achieve demographic transition, if
1. Birth rate equals death rate
2. Emigration equals immigration if population is same, in both places
3. Doubling time is 33 years
4. Both 1. & 2.
Which of the following can be taken as characteristic demographic features of the developing countries?
(a) High fertility rate (b) Rapidly rising mortality rate
(c) Very young age distribution (d) Rapid population growth
(e) Rapidly falling mortality rate (f) Very old age distribution
1. (a), (b), (c), (d)
2. (a), (c), (d), (e)
3. (a), (b), (c), (e)
4. (a), (b), (d), (e)
What is the function of copper ions in copper releasing IUDs?
1. They increase phagocytosis of sperm within the uterus
2. They suppress sperm motility and the fertilising capacity of sperms
3. They make the uterus unsuitable for implantation
4. They inhibit ovulation
Action of which of the following hormones is blocked during use of RU 486 (mifepristone)?
Which of the following can be complications resulting from STDs without timely detection and treatment?
A. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) B. Stillbirths
C. Infertility or even cancer of reproductive tract D. Ectopic pregnancies
1. A & B only
2. A, B & C
3. A only
4. A, B, C & D
If a person is suffering from severe male infertility due to very few sperms (oligozoospermia) or even no live sperms (azoospermia) in the ejaculate, it can be overcome by __________. This should offer couples an alternative
to using donor sperm
One of the legal methods of birth control is
1. By abstaining from coitus from day 10 to 17 of the menstrual cycle
2. By having coitus at the time of day break
3. By a premature ejaculation during coitus
4. Abortion by taking an appropriate medicine
The age of pyramid with broad base indicates
1. High percentage of young individuals
2. Low percentage of young individuals
3. High percentage of old individuals
4. Low percentage of old individuals
In vitro fertilisation is a technique that involves transfer of which one of the following into the fallopian tube?
1. Zygote only
2. Embryo only, upto 8 cell stage
3. Either zygote or early embryo upto 8 cell stage
4. Embryo of 32 cell stage