All of the following are included in ‘ex-situ conservation’ except
(1) Wildlife safari parks (2) Sacred groves
(3) Seed banks (4) Botanical gardens
Which one of the following is related to Ex-situ conservation of threatened animals and plants?
(1) Wildlife Safari parks (2) Biodiversity hot spots
(3) Amazon rainforest (4) Himalayan region
The region of Biosphere Reserve which is legally protected and where no human activity is allowed is known as
(1) Core zone (2) Buffer zone
(3) Transition zone (4) Restoration zone
Alexander Von Humboldt described for the first time
(1) Ecological Biodiversity (2) Laws of limiting factor
(3) Species area relationships (4) Population Growth equation
How many hot spots of biodiversity in the world have been identified till date by Norman Myers?
(1) 17 (2) 25 (3) 34 (4) 43
Red list contains data or information on
(1) All economically important plants
(2) Plants whose products are in international trade
(3) Threatened species
(4) Marine vertebrates only
Which of the following National Parks is home to the famous musk deer or hangul?
(1) Keibul Lamjao National Park, Manipur
(2) Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh
(3) Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh
(4) Dachigam National Park, Jammu & Kashmir
Which of the following is the most important cause of animals and plants being driven to extinction?
(1) Co-extinctions (2) Over-exploitation
(3) Alien species invasion (4) Habitat loss and fragmentation
Which is the National Aquatic Animal of India?
(1) Sea-horse (2) Gangetic shark
(3) River dolphin (4) Blue whale
The species confined to a particular region and not found elsewhere is termed as:
(1) Rare (2) Keystone (3) Alien (4) Endemic
Cryopreservation of gametes of threatened species in viable and fertile condition can be referred to as
(1) In situ cryo-conservation of biodiversity
(2) In situ conservation of biodiversity
(3) Advanced ex-situ conservation of biodiversity
(4) In situ conservation by sacred groves
In which of the following both pairs have correct combination?
(1) In situ conservation : Tissue culture
Ex situ conservation : Sacred groves
(2) In situ conservation : National Park
Ex situ conservation : Botanical Garden
(3) In situ conservation : Cryopreservation
Ex situ conservation : Wildlife Sanctuary
(4) In situ conservation : Seed Bank
Ex situ conservation : National Park
A species facing extremely high risk of extinction in the immediate future is called
(1) Vulnerable (2) Endemic (3) Critically Endangered (4) Extinct
The organization which publishes the Red list of species is
(1) ICFRE (2) IUCN (3) UNEP (4) WWF
An example of ex situ conservation is
(1) National Park (2) Seed Bank
(3) Wildlife Sanctuary (4) Sacred Grove
Given below is the representation of the extent of global diversity of invertebrates. What groups the four portions (A-D) represent respectively?
A B C D
(1) Insects Crustaceans Other animal groups Molluscs
(2) Crustaceans Insects Molluscs Other animal groups
(3) Molluscs Other animal group Crustaceans Insects
(4) Insects Molluscs Crustaceans Other animal groups
Which of the following are likely to be present in deep sea water ?
(1) Eubacteria (2) Blue-green-algae
(3) Saprophytic fungi (4) Archaebacteria
Which of the following represent maximum number of species among global biodiversity?
(1) Lichens (2) Fungi (3) Mosses and Ferns (4) Algae
Which one of the following is not used for ex situ plant conservation?
(1) Seed banks (2) Shifting cultivation
(3) Botanical Gardens (4) Field gene banks
Which one of the following areas in India, is a hotspot of biodiversity ?
(1) Sunderbans (2) Western Ghats
(3) Eastern Ghats (4) Gangetic Plain
Select the correct statement about biodiversity
(1) The desert areas of Rajasthan and Gujrat have a very high level of desert animal species as well as numerous rare animals
(2) Large scale planting of BT cotton has no adverse effect on biodiversity
(3) Western Ghats have a very high degree of species richness and endemism
(4) Conservation of biodiversity in just a fad pursued by the developed countries
Sacred groves are specially useful in
(1) Generating environmental awareness
(2) Preventing soil erosion
(3) Year-round flow of water in rivers
(4) Conserving rare and threatened species
Which one of the following expanded forms of the following acronyms is correct ?
(1) IUCN = International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
(2) IPCC = International Panel for Climate Change
(3) UNEP = United Nations Environmental Policy
(4) EPA = Environmental Pollution Agency
Which one of the following shows maximum genetic diversity in India ?
(1) Mango (2) Groundnut (3) Rice (4) Maize
Biodiversity of a geographical region represents
(1) Genetic diversity present in the dominant species of the region
(2) Species endemic to the region
(3) Endangered species found in the region
(4) The diversity in the organisms living in the region
Which one of the following have the highest number of species in nature ?
(1) Angiosperms (2) Fungi (3) Insects (4) Birds
Which one of the following is an example of ex-situ conservation?
(1) National park (2) Wildlife sanctuary
(3) Seed bank (4) Sacred groves
A renewable exhaustible natural resource is
(1) Forest (2) Coal (3) Petroleum (4) Minerals
The Indian Rhinoceros is a natural inhabitant of which one of the Indian states?
(1) Uttarakhand (2) Uttar Pradesh
(3) Himachal Pradesh (4) Assam
Which one of the following has maximum genetic diversity in India?
(1) Mango (2) Wheat (3) Tea (4) Teak
Tiger is not a resident in which one of the following national park ?
(3) Jim Corbett
Which one of the following is not observed in biodiversity hotspots?
(1) Species richness (2) Endemism
(3) Accelerated species loss (4) Lesser inter-specific competition
The table below gives the populations (in thousands) of ten species (A-J) in four areas (a-d) consisting of the number of habitats given within brackets against each. Study the table and answer the question which follows
Which area out of a to d shows maximum species diversity?
(1) a (2) b (3) c (4) d
Identify the odd combination of the habitat and the particular animal concerned
(1) Rann of Kutch – Wild Ass
(2) Dachigam National Park – Snow Leopard
(3) Sunderbans – Bengal Tiger
(4) Periyar – Elephant
Which one of the following is being utilized as a source of biodiesel in the Indian countryside?
(1) Pongamia (2) Euphorbia (3) Beetroot (4) Sugarcane
Which one of the following pairs of organisms are exotic species introduced in India?
(1) Nile perch, Ficus religiosa
(2) Ficus religiosa, Lantana camara
(3) Lantana camara, Water hyacinth
(4) Water hyacinth, Prosopis cineraria
One of endangered species of Indian medicinal plants is that of:
(1) Nepenthes (2) Podophyllum (3) Ocimum (4) Garlic
Which one of the following is not included under in situ conservation ?
(1) Sanctuary (2) Botanical garden
(3) Biosphere reserve (4) National park
Which one of the following is the correctly matched pair of an endangered animal and a National Park?
(1) Lion — Corbett National Park
(2) Rhinoceros — Kaziranga National Park
(3) Wild ass — Dudhwa National Park
(4) Great Indian bustard — Keoladeo National Park
Which of the following pairs of an animal and a plant represents endangered organisms in India?
(1) Bentinckia nicobarica and red panda
(2) Tamarind and rhesus monkey
(3) Cinchona and leopard
(4) Banyan and black buck
Which of the following is considered a hot-spot of biodiversity in India?
(1) Western ghats (2) Indo-Gangetic plain
(3) Eastern ghats (4) Aravalli hills
According to IUCN red list what is the status of red Panda (Ailurus fulgens)?
(1) Vulnerable species (2) Critically endangered species
(3) Extinct species (4) Endangered species
One of the most important functions of botanical gardens is that
(1) One can observe tropical plants there
(2) They allow ex situ conservation of germplasm
(3) They provide the natural habitat for wild life
(4) They provide a beautiful area for recreation
Biodiversity act of India was passed by the Parliament in the year
(1) 1996 (2) 1992 (3) 2002 (4) 2000
Total number of all species of organisms in a given region is known as the region's
(1) Biota (2) Flora (3) Fauna (4) Diversity
How many bio-geographical regions are present in India?
(1) 3 (2) 4 (3) 7 (4) 10
Diversification in plant life appeared
(1) Due to long periods of evolutionary changes
(2) Due to abrupt mutations
(3) Suddenly on earth
(4) By seed dispersal
Which organization publishes the Red Data Book?
(1) GEF (2) IUCN (3) UNEP (4) WWF
If we uncover half of the forest, covering of the earth, what crisis will be produced at most and at first?
(1) Some species will be extincted
(2) Population and ecological imbalance will rise up
(3) Energy crisis will occur
(4) Rest half forests will maintain this imbalance
Land mass occupied by forest is about
(1) 30% (2) 60% (3) 11% (4) 22%