What changes can you make in your habits to become more environment friendly?
What would be the advantages of exploiting resources with short term aims?
How would this advantages differ fromthe advantages of using a long term perspective in managing our resources?
Why do you think there should be equitable distribution of resorces? What forces would be working against an equitable distribution of our resources?
Why should we conserve forest and wildlife?
Suggest some approaches towards the conservation of forests.
Find out about the traditional systems of water harvesting/ management in your region.
Compare the traditional system of water harvesting with the probable system in hilly/ mountain areas or plains or plateau regions.
Find out the source of water in your region/ locality. Is water from this source available to all people living in that area?
What changes would you suggest in your home in order to be environment-friendly?
Can you suggest some changes in your school which would make it environment-friendly?
We saw in this chapter that there are four main stakeholders when it comes to forests and wildlife. Which among these should have the authority to decide the management of forest produce? Why do you think so?
How can you as an individual contribute or make a difference to the management of
1. forest and wildlife ?
2. water resources?
3. coal and petroleum?
What can you do as an individual to reduce your consumption of the various natural resources?
List five things you have done over the last one week to
1. conserve our natural resources.
2. increase the pressure on our natural resources
On the basis of the issues raised in this chapter, what changes would you incorporate in your lifestyle in a move towards a sustainable use of our resources?
A person lives near the forest. Enlist four items, which he can get from forests to meet his daily needs.
Make a list of few industries based on forest products.
Why did Amrita Devi Bishnoi sacrified her life and in which year?
Where was chipko andolan started and by whom?
Suggest the consequences, if we happen to face the loss of biodiversity?
Large waterbodies, i.e. oceans are present on the Earth yet there is scarcity of water. Explain.
List two major benefits of dams.
Mention the names of any two dams whose construction faced opposition.
To test the level of water quality, study of which parameters can be done?
Is water conservation necessary? Give reason.
List two measures that you would suggest for the better management of water resources.
How is the increase in demand for energy affecting atmosphere?
Istead of using gas, an alternative A can be used to cook food which does not require any fuel. However, this alternative cannot work at night. Identify A.
Give an example to show that exploitation of resources leads to pollution.
Which of the following pollutants of air would affect the capacity of blood in human bodies to absorb from lungs?
Give one example each from reuse and recycle, respectively.
Prepare the list of five items that you use daily in the school. Identify from the list of such items that can be recycled.
Reuse is better than recycling of metarials. Give reason to justify this statement.
Why does the management of natural resources require a long term perspective?
A new factor should be considered while we exploit our natural resources. Suggest any two.
What is meant by biodiversity? why do we need to conserve biodiversity?
List any four harms of destruction of forests.
Local people around forests are reffered to as "stakeholders" for conservation of forests. Give reasons.
List any four stakeholders which may help in conservation of forest?
What harm has been caused to alpine meadows,, since nomadic shepherds have stopped from grazing their cattle in such meadows?
What are the harmful effects of the negligence of the local knowledge and local needs in the forest management practices?
What dominates the Arabari forest of Bengal?
Give an example showing the benefits of traditional use of forest areas by local people.
It is imperative that we must conserve our forests why? List any two causes for deforestation to take place.
Explain the concept of sustainable development.
Sustainable development implies a change in all aspects of life. Justify
What does "chipko Movement" refers to? Write its two aims.
State what happened when the chipko movement spread across communities and media.
What was "Chipko Andolan"? How did this Andolan ultimately benefit local people and the environment?
What is the most conducive pH range for life of freshwater plants and animals?
Hydroelectric power is also an indirect form of solar energy. How?
Mention any two reasons for which environmentalists protested against raising the height of "Sardar Sarovar Dam" on river Narmada?
In what ways poor tribals are affected by dam development projects.
What had led to the loss of local people's control over the local water resources in India?
What is water harvesting? How can this technique help in conservation of water?
List two advantages associated with water harvesting at the community level.
Write a short note on the water harvesting structures used in largely level terrains.
List four advantages of properly managed watershed management.
Why do we need alternative sources of energy?
Name the fossil fuels. Why are they so called?
Name any two poisonous products formed by burning of fossil fuels?
Name a greenhouse gas. What happens when its amount increases in the atmosphere?
How does mining cause pollution?
Write some of the simple choices that can make a difference in our energy consumption patterns.
'Religious beliefs help in the conservation of forest biodiversity'. Justify.
Coal and Petroleum are converted forms of solar energy. Is this statement correct? Why?
Use of green and blue coloured dustbin is a good practice and reduces environment pollution. Justify
Distinguish between inexhaustible and exhaustible resources.
In the context of conservation of natural resources, explain the terms reduce, recycle and reuse. From among the materials that we use in daily life, identify two materials for each category.
To acheive sustainable development, can you suggest what steps should be taken?
Why do we need to manage our resources carefully? Also, explain how do we need to manage our resources.
1. Locate and name the water reserviors in Figure (i) and (ii)
2. Which has an advantage over the other and why?
List few activities that have led to the contamination of the river Ganga.
What important message is conveyed by Amrita Devi Bishnoi Award for wildlife conservation?
What was the cause behind the Chipko Andolan and what happened during it? What was the result of the movement?
What does watershed management mean and aim at? What are the advantages of watershed management?
Suggest some precautionary measures which should be taken while harvesting rainwater.
A village is suffering from chronic water shortage because most of the water is made available to the surrounding water theme park. Is this a judicious use of water resource?
In a village in Karnatka, people started cultivating crops all around a lake which was always filled with water. They added fertilisers to their field in order to enhance the yield. Soon, they discovered that the waterbody was completely covered with green floating plants and fishes started dying in large numbers. Analyse the situation and give reasons for excessive growth of plants and death of fish in the lake.
Although coal and petroleum are produced by degradation of biomass yet we need to conserve them. Why?
What measure would you take to conserve electricity in your house?
Carbon dioxide is considered as toxic to mankind. Explain.
What does values does a forest have for man?
What is the importance of forest as a resource?
Give an example where participation of local people has led to the efficient management of forests.
Suggest a few steps that should be involved in a successful forest conservation strategy.
Suggest your views on the traditional systems of water harvesting.
Suggest a few measures for controlling carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere.
On the environment day, i.e. 5th June, every year, your school organises various activities related to Earth, ecosystem and environment, etc., like best out of waste, paper sachetes and several others.
What purpose do you think is served by this measure?
There are certain NGOs which motivate the general public to donate clothes, books, toys, stationary items, utnesils, etc. These NGOs further segregate and distribute these items to the needy.
Read the given passage and answer the following questions:
1. In your opinion what objectives are fulfilled by this initiative?
2. How does 3 Rs come into play in this initiative?
3. What value is associated with this passage?
The major energy resources are fossil fuels. The increase in the use of fossil fuels, had led to the problem of environmental damage and depletion. Therefore, it is usually recommended to use renewable source of energy as they provide clean energy. One of the fast developing renewable energy sources in our country is wind.
1. Can you tell us about the principle of producing electricity by the use of wind?
2. Why is this energy preferred over others?
3. Name the states of our country leading in its production.
During an excursion to a forest site, the group of students come to a site marked "endangered species of plants". Students asked their teachers about this and she told her students that due to cutting down of forests, many species are extinct or endangered. Some agricultural practices are also responsible for the loss of biodiversity. Teacher asked the group about these practices and they answered her correctly.
1. Why are we facing the loss of biodiversity in forests and wildlife?
2. Who are the people most affected by lost of forest and wildlife resources?
3. What values do you observe in the group of children?
Asif came to visit his grandfather at his village. After a few days, he noticed that his grandfather was worried about the huge electricity bill of last month. Asif proposed that to reduce the bill amount he must replace all the bulbs with CFLs and switch off all the electrical appliances like fans, TV, tubes, etc., when not in use. His grandfather was happy with the suggestion and implemented it immediately.
1. Asif's proposal of switching the bulbs with CFL was correct or not?
2. Suggest two environment friendly practices.
3. What values do you observe in Asif?