The statement that is not correct for periodic classification of elements is

1. The properties of elements are periodic function of their atomic numbers

2.  Non-metallic elements are less in number than metallic elements

3.  For transition elements, the 3d-orbitals are filled with electrons after 3p-orbitals and before 4s-orbitals

4.  The first ionisation enthalpies of elements generally increase with increase in atomic number as we go along a period

Subtopic:  AUFBAU Principle |
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Comprehension given below is followed by some multiple choice questions. Each question has one correct option. Choose the correct option.

In the modern periodic table, elements are arranged in order of configuration. Depending upon the type of orbitals receiving the last electron, the elements in the periodic table have been divided into four block, viz s, p, d and f.

The modern periodic table consists of 7 periods and 18 groups. Each period begins with the filling of a new energy shell. In accordance with the Aufbau principle, the seven periods (1 to 7) have 2, 8, 8, 18, 18, 32 and 32 elements respectively.

The seventh period is still incomplete. To avoid the periodic table being too long, the two series of f-block elements, called lanthanoids and actinoids are placed at the bottom of the periodic table

(i) The element with atomic number 57 belongs to

(1) s-block

(2) p-block

(3) d-block

(4) f-block

Subtopic:  AUFBAU Principle |
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The electronic configuration of the element which is just above the element with atomic number 43 in the same group is ______.

(1) $1{\mathrm{s}}^{2}2{\mathrm{s}}^{2}2{\mathrm{p}}^{6}3{\mathrm{s}}^{2}3{\mathrm{p}}^{6}3{\mathrm{d}}^{5}4{\mathrm{s}}^{2}$

(2) $1{\mathrm{s}}^{2}2{\mathrm{s}}^{2}2{\mathrm{p}}^{6}3{\mathrm{s}}^{2}3{\mathrm{p}}^{6}3{\mathrm{d}}^{5}4{\mathrm{s}}^{3}4{\mathrm{p}}^{6}$

(3) $1{\mathrm{s}}^{2}2{\mathrm{s}}^{2}2{\mathrm{p}}^{6}3{\mathrm{s}}^{2}3{\mathrm{p}}^{6}3{\mathrm{d}}^{6}4{\mathrm{s}}^{2}$

(4) $1{\mathrm{s}}^{2}2{\mathrm{s}}^{2}2{\mathrm{p}}^{6}3{\mathrm{s}}^{2}3{\mathrm{p}}^{6}3{\mathrm{d}}^{7}4{\mathrm{s}}^{2}$

Subtopic:  AUFBAU Principle |
To view explanation, please take trial in the course below.
NEET 2023 - Target Batch - Aryan Raj Singh
To view explanation, please take trial in the course below.
NEET 2023 - Target Batch - Aryan Raj Singh