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Which one of the following correctly explains the function of a specific part of a human nephron?

(a) Henle's loop - most reabsorption of the major substances from the glomerular filtrated 
(b) Distal convoluted tubule - reabsorption of ions into the surrounding blood capillaries
(c) Afferent arteriole - carries the blood away from the glomerulus towards renal vein 
(d) Podocytes- create minute spaces (slit pores) for the filtration of blood into the Bowman's capsule